Yorkshire Terriers are a lovable breed of dogs, and they are mostly loved because of their distinct coloration, but white Yorkie is a rare one.
White is technically not a Yorkie standard color, and American Kennel Club does not recognize it. Several genetic mechanisms played the role of having white Yorkie, but some can have severe implications for their health and well-being.
Can Yorkies be white? Yes, it is possible to see a white Yorkie. But, white Yorkies are considerably rare, and the possible genetic explanations for having white Yorkie might have some severe implications. Yorkies having white patches of fur can still be registered with kennel clubs if they meet certain conditions.
This article aims to provide more information about white Yorkies and if white color is considered one of Yorkies’ official colors.
About Yorkshire Terriers
When it comes to Yorkshire Terriers, they are the most popular toy breed of dog all over the United States. They might be small dogs and have only the bravado of a terrier, but do not get fooled by their size as they have a big attitude.
They are perfect for being a watchdog as they tend to have some little hostile attitude towards strangers.
Their bravado might lead them to difficult situations, so you need to keep them at bay whenever you are outside. Yorkshire Terriers are known to have their long silky coat, which is perfectly straight. Also, they have a single coat and do not shed much.
You can expect to have your Yorkie brown or black for color combinations as they grow one or one and a half a year. These color coats can transform into two different colors, and usually, they would be blue and tan.
Other color combinations included by the AKC requirements are black and gold, black and tan, or blue and gold.
Genetics Of Yorkie colors
If we are talking about genetics here, you can expect your Yorie to have a Black/Tan initially, but it will turn into blue as they grow old.
It is because it possesses the unique graying gene, and the graying gene affects the productions of eumelanin. It is a compound and black pigment occurring in their hair and skin.
Eumelanin only affects the hair and skin, but it does not change the color of their eyes or nose. Since genes come in pairs at each location in your typical dog’s DNA, Yorkies can have one or even two copies of the graying gene.
The two copies will result in a light steel blue coat when your Yorkie puppy matures. The other half of the copy will only produce a dark steel blue coat, and some good breeders are aware of this phenomenon, and they are most likely to know the colors of their dog’s family tree.
As a result, they can predict which colors are most likely to appear in their Yorkie puppies.
Yorkshire Terrier Off-Standard Color
Yorkie colors that are known to be off-standard are considered rare to find, mainly because of the strict regulations of the AKC. As a result of these regulations, many breeds of Yorkies that do not fall in these categories are considered not purebred.
It is why a lot of breeders want to produce the typical colors for the Yorkshire Terriers.
However, there is still a place for non-standard colors for Yorkie breeding, as many of you have seen. When it comes to White Yorkies, these are considered extremely rare, and most of the time, they are not purebred.
You will only find a Parti Yogi, Biewer Yorkshire Terrier, Maltese, or West Highland terrier to have this color. They are also often mistaken to be White Yorkie, but they are just different breeds.
Some Yorkie does have some white patches, and this is because of the genes they possess. Dogs are usually known to have coats from the patterns of eumelanin, which can be black, chocolate brown, grey, or taupe pigment.
The other source is from Phaeomelanin, a tan pigment that includes all red, gold, and cream pigment shades. From all of these patterns, it will then be altered by the genes associated with them, forming different color variations.
There are some cases where Yorkies may get their white color due to genes like M-locus and S-locus. S-locus genres are responsible for the degree and the distribution of white spotting on an animal’s coat, and this gene is known to be causing deafness.
On the other hand, M-locus is known to have two copies of the merle gene, and it can be white but have a high chance of being deaf.
How To Get A White Yorkie
If you want to get a white Yorkie, you need to know that they are from genetic breeding that focuses on recessive genes. These are not the recommended choice as they are prone to a lot of health issues like deafness.
But if you’re still looking for some that are closest to what a white Yorkie would look like, you can find it in some of the below choices:
- Parti Yorkie – Parti Yorkie is considered purebred Yorkshire Terriers, and they have three color tones compared to the usual two. They will have traces of white as well, together with their usual black and tan color. For many Parti pups, both parents should have a Parti gene to achieve the desired color.
- Biewer Yorkshire Terrier – Biewer Yorkshire Terrier is also considered purebred, and both Biewer parents create them. They are known to have irregular patches of white due to the piebald gene, and the American Kennel Club recognizes them. Usually, Biewer Yorkshire puppies are born to have a black, white, and tan color combination.
Overall, white Yorkies are great to look at, but you need to be careful and mindful of how they were bred. Getting to know the proper genetics of the parents will help ensure that you avoid different kinds of health issues later on.
Keep in mind that Yorkies have long hairs, and white Yorkies have long silky snow-white hairs. As a result, you need to spend a lot of time grooming when it needs to be.