One of the unique breeds out there is a Yorkshire Terrier, known as Yorkies, regarding dog breeds.
It is because you can find some glossy and colorful coats in them, and they are considered to be unique in both ways as they resemble human hair rather than just dog fur.
American Kennel Club has been imposing strict regulations on the official color of a Yorkshire Terrier; there are still many rare Yorkie colors out there.
Is there a black Yorkie? No, there is no Black Yorkie that is considered to be purebred. However, it might be typical for a newborn Yorkie Puppy to have an entirely black coat. But if you look into it, you can see some patches of tan hair as well.
Learn more about the official color of Yorkshire Terrier according to the strict standards of the American Kennel Club in this article.
Take note of the details you can get from this post to determine whether your Yorkie color is included. It is also essential to know their coat types and the different rare colors that a Yorkie can possess.
Why Do Yorkies Change Colors?
Generally speaking, Yorkies and a lot of dogs do change their colors depending on their genetics. Every cell in its body contains different chromosomes, and for every chromosome, there are thousands of genes.
These genes carry all of the information that makes your newborn puppy unique regarding its personality, color, sex, and color.
If their parent has a dominant gene and the other possesses a recessive gene, the dominant one will be the one manifesting in your dog.
If both are either dominant or recessive, you will be able to get rare and even unexpected results when they give birth. As a result, there are different varieties of Yorkies, and they look and act a little different from one another.
When it comes to Yorkie colors and how they change from one color to another, it comes down to melanin production. Despite the wide variety in coat color, two primary pigments play a vital role in the color of your dogs.
These are eumelanin, which is the black one, and phaeomelanin, which is the red one. These two pigments are responsible in varying degrees to create all the colors you see in most of the dog’s fur or hair.
Usually, when they are small, and still in the puppy phase, the black, sable eumelanin in Yorkies will dominate. However, as they grow older and age, their genetic makeup instructs some of the eumelanin to lighten.
As a result, they are producing blue or even silver Yorkie fur. There are some cases in which some areas of the body, the eumelanin, recedes entirely.
Yorkie Coat Types
In addition to the changes of color a Yorkie possesses, they also have different coats, which also has something to do with genetics. It can be a puppy coat, silky coat, or even a soft or cotton coat.
1. Puppy Coat
As the name suggests, this is when a Yorkie is in its newborn state, and it is softer and thicker than an adult’s coat. If you look at all the Yorkie’s puppies, you can see it in most of them, as this is common for all breeds of puppies.
2. Silky Coat
The next type is the silky coat. It is the AKC standard coat time for most Yorkie. If you plan to have your Yorkie enter a dog show, you need to have this in the bag to qualify.
Yorkies actually have hair, not fur, and the desirable coat type should be extended, straight, and has a long glossy sheen. Silky coats are generally an excellent idea for many dog shows, and it requires a lot of grooming and care.
3. Cotton Coat
Yorkies can also have some wavy, cotton, and soft coat, and some think this coat type looks like combed cotton. This coat type does not brush out long and smooth, and sometimes it seems wavy, thick, and a little bit textured. This is true even is you use the best dog brush for Yorkies available.
Some Yorkies do have different coat types. For instance, a black Yorkie might not be purebred and a result of crossbreeding. They usually have dull, thick hair or rigid hair, and there is not possible linkage between the color and the type of the Yorkie’s coat.
Sable Or All-Black Yorkshire Terrier
It is common knowledge that there is no such thing as a black Yorkie that is purebred. It is common for a newborn Yorkie’s coat to have an all-black coat, but you will see some tan hair patches if you look into it a little closer. It usually gets lighter and will continue to expand during the growth of the Yorkie.
A truly all-black Yorkie is probably the result of having a crossbred between a Yorkshire Terrier and another dog with black fur. A hint of this crossbreeding can be seen in the dog’s coat consistency, characteristics, and wiry fur. In a general sense, there is nothing wrong with t his, but they won’t grow the long, glossy coat that is predominantly present in a Yorkie.
Rare Yorkie Colors
Although there are the usual four color combinations of a standard Yorkie, some colors are considered to be nonstandard that you can find. , some of these color variations are the result of crossbreeding with another breed of dogs. At the same time, some variations result from breeders intentionally mating two dogs that have recessive genes.
Just be mindful that health implications still occur while this is allowed and normal because of breeding a dog for color rather than health. It would help if you made sure to perform your own research on the breed and the breeder before getting one with a nonstandard coat.
Here are some of the rare color variation of Yorkies that got the attention of dog-lovers out there:
1. Parti Yorkie
Parti Yorkie is known to have a tri-colored coat that consists of blue, white, and tan. Although blonde and chocolate, Parti Yorkie also exists in some parts of the world. Many owners considered calling this particular type of Yorkies as White Yorkies, but none of them really have a completely white coat in reality.
To produce a Parti Yorkie requires breeding two parents with a recessive S-locus gene that usually manifests itself in white hair around your dog’s body.
The problem is whether the Parti Yorkie is a purebred Yorkshire Terrier is still a matter of debate. Some breeders believed that a Yorkie was bred with another breed such as Maltese (read our article on how big Morkies get for more on this crossbreed) at some point in the lineage. That’s why it produces white hair.
Despite all of the debates, the AKC recognizes the Parti Yorkie as an official Yorkshire Terrier breed official. Although, they might be disqualified from showing in conformation due to the nonstandard coat.
2. Chocolate / Brown Yorkie
A lot of breeders actually advertise this type of Yorkie as Chocolate Yorkies. Usually, these Yorkies can be produced by crossbreeding Parti Yorkies with other Parties or standard Yorkies.
As they both have the recessive gene, the chances are, it will lighten up the coat’s eumelanin.
Just be mindful that some people also believe crossbreeding the Chocolate Yorkie was only made possible by crossbreeding somewhere up in their lineage or family tree.
3. Golden Yorkie
As the name implies, Golden Yorkies are known to be the blonde ones or golden all over their body. It comes from a predominance of the phaeomelanin gene across the board. That’s why it is producing this particular color.
Regardless if this is an actual genetic possibility, for purebred Yorkshire Terrier, it is considered to be unlikely. But there are true purebred Yorkie that could have much more golden or tan hair than blue ones. It can happen when a Yorkie ages for about three years or so.
4. Red Yorkshire Terrier
Red Yorkshire Terriers are actually real, and sometimes they are called Red-legged terriers. It is another variant of the breed, and the red coloring occurs from the phaeomelanin gene.
This gene is the same gene component that gives a Yorkie the golden color. The only difference is that there is a greater abundance of melanin, making the hair appear a little darker than usual. It is actually more common on the dog’s underside, especially its chin, chest, and legs.
To sum it up, black Yorkie is an actual Yorkie variant, but if we look at the strict standards from the American Kennel Club, they are not considered purebred. A black Yorkie is a combination of a regular Yorkie crossbreed with other dogs that has black fur.
You need to understand that American Kennel Club has these strict regulations for Yorkies because they want to preserve its originality. All nonstandard colors of Yorkies are valid, and they are the same dog with a playful personality.